municipal separate storm SEWER system - MS4

 

The purpose of this web page is to help foster public awareness regarding the City of Scranton ’s implementation of the Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) as part of the Federal Phase II Stormwater Management Program. The City of Scranton is located within the Lackawanna River watershed, that is to say, all stormwater in the City of Scranton drains to the Lackawanna River. The Lackawanna is the largest tributary to the North Branch of the Susquehanna River in Northeastern Pennsylvania. The Susquehanna River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, which means that water quality conditions of the Lackawanna River directly affect the Chesapeake Bay’s environment. In an ongoing attempt to make stormwater cleaner, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection is implementing a new permit to meet new federal regulations. As a part of this permit, small communities must implement a storm water management program, track progress towards its goals, and report on its progress.

New federal stormwater management regulations require that the City of Scranton, and other urbanized areas across Pennsylvania, apply for and maintain a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit to discharge stormwater from the City’s Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4).

The federal regulations establish six categories of Best Management Practices (BMP’s) that must be implemented by all permitteesEach municipality subject to the regulation must implement a stormwater management program that contains every one of these elements. The six BMP categories, also called minimum control measures, are as follows:

1. Public Education - Distribute storm water pamphlets to all target audiences, run storm water ads in the newspaper, distribute educational materials to schools, community organizations, and businesses. Outreach regarding storm water management in the City of Scranton has been begun by a partnership of the Scranton Sewer Authority and the Lackawanna River Corridor Association with their:

Storm Water Community Outreach Program

Through a public education partnership, the Scranton Sewer Authority and the Lackawanna River Corridor Association are providing information and technical support for homeowners to better manage storm water on their properties. This partnership is part of an effort to update the Authority’s Long Term Control Plan to meet Federal Clean Water Act requirements associated with discharges from its combined sewer system.

Scranton gets an average of 37 inches of rain a year. Some of that rain runs off the roof into the gutters and downspout, and in many older homes it runs into cast iron standpipes around the foundation of the house. These pipes are connected to the home’s sewer pipe. So the rainwater that flows into those pipes quickly becomes polluted and adds to the load of storm water that flows into our sewer system. That causes our municipal sewers to overflow into the Lackawanna River, Roaring Brook, Leggett’s Creek, or Stafford Meadow Brook.

A series of booklets and information pamphlets are available on storm water management for homeowners in Scranton and Dunmore. Information covers downspout disconnection, rain barrels, rain gardens and storm water soakage trenches. Also a Lackawanna River Citizens Water Quality handbook is available that provides information on ways to reduce and eliminate water pollution sources around the home. These documents are available in a printed version on request.  Informational meetings will
be held to open a dialogue with the public about our goals for clean water and how each of us can help reduce and eliminate
water pollution sources.

You can contact the Authority or the LRCA to request information and technical assistance to disconnect downspouts or get advice on the installation of other storm water management techniques that are appropriate for your property.
For more program information call the Authority at 570-348-5330 or The LRCA at 570-347-6311.

OTHER HELPFUL INFORMATION

DEP “When It Rains, It Drains” Information Pamphlet:
http://files.dep.state.pa.us/Water/Watershed%20Management/WatershedPortalFiles/
StormwaterManagement/MS4_Information_Resource_CD_Files/raindrainbrochure.pdf

Homeowner’s Guide to Healthy Habits for Clean Water:
http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/cu_solution_to_pollution.pdf

2. Public Involvement - Conduct public meetings to inform the public about the City’s storm water management ordinance and regulations. Develop volunteer programs for community groups, such as “Adopt a Storm Drain”. Involve local groups such as Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, etc.

3. Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination - Create map of all outfalls within the community. Conduct field screenings of 25% of the outfalls each year to determine illicit discharges. Remove or correct illicit discharges.

4. Construction Site Storm Water Runoff Management - Attempt to educate developers within the municipality on the storm water codes that are enforced. Distribute posters and information about Construction Site Run-Off and BMPs.

The following Ordinances pertain to Storm Water Management in the City of Scranton

FILE OF COUNCIL # 76, 2012 CITY OF SCRANTON STORMWATER MANAGEMENT ORDINANCE, a copy of can be found here:
City of Scranton Stormwater Management Ordinance

This ordinance requires a storm water management plan be presented for approval for any project that disturbs over 5000 square feet of area.

FILE OF COUNCIL #12, 1996, CITY OF SCRANTON SUB-DIVISION AND LAND DEVELOPMENT ORDINANCE, a copy of can be found here: http://ecode360.com/11607531

Further, The City of Scranton relies on the PA DEP construction storm water permitting program (NPDES) to satisfy it requirements under this category.

OTHER HELPFUL PUBLICATIONS:


A Construction Site Operator’s Guide to PA’s Storm Water Permit Program:
http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/cgp_state_brochure.pdf

Storm Water and the Construction Industry Poster with BMPs:
http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/cu_swposter-final-fullsize.pdf

The Construction Industry Compliance Assistance Center homepage:
http://www.cicacenter.org/

5. Post Construction Storm Water Management - This section addresses the codes dealing with storm water runoff after construction is complete. Inform developers of ordinances and sanctions that must be followed.

6. Good Housekeeping and Pollution Prevention - Comprehensive pollution prevention program for municipal operations; with
a focus on vehicle maintenance, fueling and washing, maintenance of storm water facilities, and employee training. Inform City workers about BMPS and distribute informative materials.

DEP posters you should view to realize ways you can help keep the watershed clean:


Lawn Fertilizing Poster:
http://files.dep.state.pa.us/Water/Watershed%20Management/WatershedPortalFiles/
StormwaterManagement/MS4_Information_Resource_CD_Files/fertiliz_poster.pdf


Car Wash Poster:
http://files.dep.state.pa.us/Water/Watershed%20Management/WatershedPortalFiles/
StormwaterManagement/MS4_Information_Resource_CD_Files/carwash_poster.pdf


Oil Slick:
http://files.dep.state.pa.us/Water/Watershed%20Management/WatershedPortalFiles/
StormwaterManagement/MS4_Information_Resource_CD_Files/oilslick_poster.pdf


Pet Waste Poster:

http://files.dep.state.pa.us/Water/Watershed%20Management/WatershedPortalFiles/
StormwaterManagement/MS4_Information_Resource_CD_Files/petwaste_poster.pdf


For more information on the City of Scranton’s Storm Water Program, please contact:
Dennis Gallagher, Director, Public Works at 570-348-4180
Donald King, AICP, CFM City Planner at 570-348-4280

The following links contain helpful information and materials on Storm Water Management

PADEP MS4 & STORM WATER WEBSITES

Begin at the general DEP website:

www.depweb.state.pa.us

Click on DEP Keywords “Water Topics”;
From the drop down list, choose “Storm Water Management”

http://www.depweb.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/watershed_management/10593
 
This site has information on the new Pennsylvania Storm Water Best Management Practices (BMP) Manual and training events.
Under “announcements”, there is more info on the BMP Manual plus info on the revised Pennsylvania Storm Water Model Ordinance. Under “general permits”, there is NPDES permit info, the MS4 resource CD, the MS4 annual report form and protocol (and also the Notice of Intent form and the request for waiver form), and Urbanized Area maps. Under “general information”, there
is various storm water related information. Under “technical information”, there is info on Act 167, Post-Construction Storm Water Management, and various other storm water topics.

From the drop down list, choose “Water Management”, then “Bureau of Watershed Management”

http://www.dep.state.pa.us/dep/deputate/watermgt/wc/default.htm

This site has technical guidance, Fact Sheets, helpful links, and other storm water information.
From the drop down list, choose “Water Quality”;

http://www.depweb.state.pa.us/watersupply/cwp/view.asp?a=1261&q=448024&watersupplyNav=|30184|

This site has useful Water Quality Standards information related to existing surface water uses, stream re-designation,
303d impaired waters, TMDLs, and fish consumption advisories.

From the drop down list, choose “Watersheds”
http://www.depweb.state.pa.us/watershedmgmt/site/default.asp

This site has information on County Conservation Districts, Growing Greener, Watersheds, DEP Regulations and Fact Sheets
for Chapters 93, 102 & 105, and the PA Bulletin.

The DEP Northeast Regional Office website:
http://www.depweb.state.pa.us/northeastro/site/default.asp

This site also has useful storm water information, resources and links.

The DEP MS4 Protocol:
http://164.156.71.80/VWRQ.asp?docid=7780d840f80b000000000b2000000b20&context=2&backlink=
WXOD.aspx%3ffs%3d7780d840f80b000080000b1900000b19%26ft%3d1 

The DEP General MS4 Permit: http://164.156.71.80/VWRQ.asp?docid=7780d840f80b000000000b2300000b23&context=2&backlink=
WXOD.aspx%3ffs%3d7780d840f80b000080000b1900000b19%26ft%3d1
 

The MS4 Year 4 Annual Report Form:
http://164.156.71.80/WXOD.aspx?fs=7780d840f80b000080000e1500000e15&ft=1 

US EPA MS4 & STORM WATER WEBSITES

The EPA MS4 regulations can be viewed at 40 CFR Part 122: EPA Administered Permit Programs:

The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (start at 122.26) http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_05/40cfr122_05.html

The Federal Register of December 8, 1999 contains an explanation of the Phase II Storm Water Regulations found at
40 CFR Part 122 and includes the history and rationale behind the MS4 regulations. It is informative and recommended
reading for MS4 permittees.

http://www.gpoaccess.gov/fr/retrieve.html

Select 1999 Federal Register, vol. 64; then enter page number 68722 and hit “submit”.
For further MS4/SW information and resources, begin at the general EPA website: www.epa.gov 

Under the “Quick Finder” section, select “Water” http://www.epa.gov/ebtpages/water.html then

1. Select “Surf Your Watershed” http://www.epa.gov/surf then select

a. “Adopt Your Watershed” http://www.epa.gov/adopt to view educational, volunteer and other watershed information; or

b. “Environmental Websites” http://www.epa.gov/watershed/envsites  to view numerous URLs for environmental information.

2. Under “Browse these EPA Water subtopics”, select “Storm Water” http://www.epa.gov/ebtpages/watestormwater.html
then select

a. “NPDES: Storm Water Program” http://cfpub1.epa.gov/npdes/home.cfm?program_id=6  for useful storm water information
and links, including SW Phase II Fact Sheets and measurable goals guidance (under “Phase 1 & Phase 2”); or

b. “NPDES” http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/index.cfm  for an overview of the NPDES Program and to access links for Storm Water webcasts (past, present & future),

BMPs, and educational materials:
Under “New and Revised Menu of Storm Water BMPs”, there are many useful resources at
http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/stormwater/menuofbmps/index.cfm

Under “Storm Water Qualifying Local Programs” http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/docs.cfm?document_type_id=1&view=Policy%20and%20
Guidance%20Documents&program_id=6&sort=name#qlp


 There is information on numerous topics, including:

“Economic Analysis of the Final Phase II SW Rule (by chapter & appendix)”“Guidance for Municipal Storm Water Funding”
“IDD&E Guidance manual from CWP (by chapter and appendix)”
“Measurable Goals Guidance for Phase II Small MS4s”
“Storm Water Phase II Compliance Assistance Guide”

Under “Storm Water Education Materials”, there are numerous storm water outreach materials and reference documents
available at: http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/stormwatermonth.cfm

US EPA MS4 & STORM WATER WEBSITES

3. Under “Browse these EPA Water subtopics”, select “Water Pollution”, then “Non-point Sources” http://www.epa.gov/ebtpages/watewaternonpointsources.html, then “Polluted Runoff (Non-point Source Pollution)” http://www.epa.gov/owow/nps for lots of useful information, including:

• Educational information for students/educators
• Outreach materials and toolbox
• A kid’s page
• Funding opportunities
• Publications and information resources

For environmental education resources, go to:
http://www.epa.gov/enviroed

For environmental finance programs, go to:
http://www.epa.gov/efinpage 

For EPA Fact Sheets

Overview of the Phase II program:
http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/fact1-0.pdf

Small MS4 overview:
http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/fact2-0.pdf

Who’s covered?
http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/fact2-1.pdf

Urbanized Areas:
http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/fact2-2.pdf 

Examples of EPA storm water educational materials

After the Storm:
http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/after_the_storm.pdf

Make Your Home the Solution to Storm Water Pollution:
http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/solution_to_pollution.pdf

Clean Water is Everybody’s Business:
http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/nps_urban-facts_final.pdf

Storm Water Pollution Found in Your Area! Door Hanger:
http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/doorhanger.pdf

Kids Storm Water Stickers:
http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/stormwaterstickers.pdf

10 Things That You Can Do to Prevent Storm Water Runoff Pollution” Bookmark:http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/nps_month_bookmark.pdf

Take the Storm Water Runoff Challenge” placemat:
http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/stormwaterplacemat.pdf

This pollution prevention measure targets automobile maintenance businesses and other groups running
fleets of vehicles such as schools and police departments:
http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/stormwater/menuofbmps/index.cfm?action=browse&Rbutton=detail&bmp=95

Detailed information and resources for storm drain marking/stenciling:http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/stormwater/menuofbmps/index.cfm?action=factsheet_results&view=specific&bmp=15

Detailed information and resources for classroom education on storm water: http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/stormwater/menuofbmps/index.cfm?action=browse&Rbutton=detail&bmp=8

Storm water outreach for commercial businesses:
http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/stormwater/menuofbmps/index.cfm?action=browse&Rbutton=detail&bmp=6

Residential car washing:
http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/stormwater/menuofbmps/index.cfm?action=browse&Rbutton=detail&bmp=96

Pet waste management:
http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/stormwater/menuofbmps/index.cfm?action=browse&Rbutton=detail&bmp=4